The United Nations Convention Against Corruption, resolution 55/61, was created December 4, 2000. The General Assembly UN convention against corruption took seven sessions to be completed. The highlights state that corruption can be prosecuted and it needs to be prevented.
The preventative measures include, but are not limited to, direction at both the public and private sectors. These include model preventive policies, such as the establishment of anti-corruption bodies and enhanced transparency in regards to election campaigns and political parties. The act explains that each state much make an effort to ensure that their public services are subject to safeguards. The convention requires countries to create criminal and other offenses to cover a wide range of corruption.
The Convention exceeds previous instruments of this type by criminalizing not only basic forms of corruption, such as bribery and embezzlement of public funds, but also trading influence along with the concealment and laundering of the proceeds of corruption. The Convention also covers deals with problematic areas of private-sector corruption.
Countries agreed to cooperate with one another in every aspect of the fight against corruption. This includes prevention, investigation, and prosecution of offenders. Countries are bound by the Convention and agreed to transfer evidence for use in court and to extradite offenders. Countries are also required to take measures which will support the tracing, freezing, seizure and confiscation of the proceeds of corruption.
This year the theme is United against corruption for development, peace and security. UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon said, “On International Anti-corruption Day, let us reaffirm our commitment to ending the deceit and dishonesty that threaten the 2030 Agenda and our efforts to achieve peace and prosperity for all on a healthy planet.”